Keith Raniere, head of Nxivm, ordered to pay $ 3.4 million to victims

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At one point, prosecutors recommended that the court award restitution to 25 people.

Judge Garaufis determined that 17 people were deserving of restitution under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act 2000, which applies to crimes such as forced labor, sex trafficking and document servitude. These victims are entitled to compensation for the legal advice they withheld in connection with Mr. Raniere’s government investigation and criminal proceedings, out of the value of the unpaid work they performed in the DOS. and medical services, including mental health care and trademark removal.

Four other people are entitled to restitution under a second law, the Mandatory Victims Restitution Act 1996, which applies to crimes such as racketeering, racketeering and wire fraud.

Among those to whom Mr Raniere is ordered to pay compensation is Sarah Edmondson, one of the first people to speak publicly about brands. In 2017, she told the New York Times that she was crying while going through the experience and had “disassociated herself from my body.”

Other recipients include a woman identified only as Sylvie, who testified at Mr. Raniere’s trial that she was ordered to have sex with him and described life in DOS as “lies. , of deception and darkness ”, and a woman identified as Daniela, who said Mr. Raniere became jealous when she rejected him and made her stay in a room for two years.

The highest restitution amount, $ 507,997, went to Daniela’s younger sister, Camila. Mr. Raniere began sexually assaulting Camila when he was 15, court records show. Judge Garaufis said on Tuesday there was information that “the accused instigated her into submitting to pornographic photography sessions.”

Judge Garaufis also said lower-ranking DOS members “are statutorily entitled to the return of their collateral” and called on Mr. Raniere to help in this effort. But that order was stayed until Mr Raniere’s appeal against his conviction was exhausted.

While restitution cases with a single victim and perpetrator – and a clear crime – may be straightforward, Mr. Raniere’s case appears to be particularly complex, said Paul G. Cassell, former Utah federal judge and professor at the United States. SJ Quinney College. of Law at the University of Utah, who has written on victims of crime and restitution.


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