Original copy of the Thirteenth Amendment at auction in Chicago
The Thirteenth Amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865. President Lincoln signed the document on February 1, 1865, three months before he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater in Washington, DC.
The amendment was ratified by 27 of the 36 states on December 5, 1865. Illinois Congressman and Civil War General John Franklin Farnsworth also signed the historic document. The signature of Illinois Congressman Jesse Olds Norton is also on the document.
Four faint signatures of members of the Senate, including Charles Sumner and John P. Hale, are written on the left margin.
Titled “The Historic Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution: Abolish the Institution of Slavery,” the document reads: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime the party of which has been duly condemned, will exist in the United States. , or any place subject to their jurisdiction. (Amendment xiii, section 1).’
The Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th Amendment to the Constitution are among the most important documents in United States history.
These are important events in black history.
President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which went into effect on January 1, 1863. It declared an end to black slavery in the Confederate States. Most black people in Texas were unaware of the declaration, and the state delayed releasing them until President Lincoln sent American troops to enforce the warrant on June 19, 1865. Nearly six months later passage of the Thirteenth Amendment, it made slavery illegal in America.
Last year, black people across America celebrated as Juneteenth became an official paid holiday in the United States.
At a 2016 auction at world-renowned Sotheby’s in New York, a copy of the 13th Amendment sold for $2.4 million. The auction house said at the time that it was one of 14 examples signed by President Lincoln on February 1, 1865.
During this auction, a copy of President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation sold for $2.1 million.
Sotheby’s copy of the Emancipation Proclamation was not an original, although it was signed by Lincoln and Secretary of State William Seward. The document was one of 27 surviving copies of the original 48, according to Sotheby’s.